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No Indian university in world’s top 200: QS Rankings 2012
12 Sep 2012

The QS World University Rankings for 2012 has been announced and none of the Indian universities figures in top 200. The Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) rankings — the most reputed global rankings of institutes for higher education had featured IIT-Bombay in 2010 which was ranked 187, but dropped to 225 last year. This year it is down to 227.

Noting the continuous decline in Indian institutes ranking, Danny Byrne, editor of topuniversities.com — the QS rankings website said “India remains the only BRICS nation without a university in the top 200. Two of the leading three institutions, IIT- Delhi (212) and IIT-Kanpur (278), have improved on their 2011 positions. Yet the comparison with other BRICS nations remains unflattering.”

In the Asia rankings as well, India has only 11 institutes in the top 300 while China, Singapore and South Korea continue to surge ahead. Nine Chinese institutes have moved up the ranks with Peking University ranking better than the University of Tokyo. The list is topped by the Hong Kong University of Science & Technology.

“We see India once again under-performing, with only 11 universities in the rankings, the vast majority of which are various Indian Institutes of Technology. Internationalisation has been identified as a key issue,” states a QS analysis of the Asian rankings.

However, in discipline-wise rankings IITs have fared relatively well as they are in the top 50 engineering institutes. Delhi University too finds a place in the top 50 universities offering English Literature and Linguistics among others.

This year, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has toppled University of Cambridge by bagging the top spot in the global ranking. It is followed by Harvard University, University College London (UCL), University of Oxford, Imperial College London, Yale University, University of Chicago, Princeton University and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in that order.

From Asia, those in the top 50 include University of Hong Kong (23), National University of Singapore (25), University of Tokyo (30), Kyoto University (35), Seoul National University (37), Chinese University of Hong Kong (40), China’s Peking University (44), Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University (47), China’s Tsinghua University (48) and Japan’s Osaka University (50).

China has seven institutes in the top 200 list.

by IER Staff

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Meghana
05 Feb 2013

It is because Indian Government is involved in playing dirty politics of caste and reservation. If the Indian educational system starts giving chance to all those who really deserve, despite their caste and religion, the condition will definitely change.

kazim khan
19 Dec 2012

Kazim khan MBA
We can take indian university in top by flowing methods
1. we need to concentrate on qulity eduction
2. we need to stop crouption
3. we need to stop reservations
4. we need to utilise our telents for our country
5.IF every cream student will work for India insted of other country

Vinay
18 Sep 2012

Why shameles positon ?Is our position Internationally better in other spheres ? Check and enjoy .

Dr.Adnan khan lodi
18 Sep 2012

its very shamless position in world, no indian university is selected in world rank, its a big question mark in our education system and infrastruture.think about our quallity education

garad hanumant
14 Sep 2012

no single indian university in rank of worlds university. we people must think about our educational system. there is need of improvement of our educational sytem cause great tradition of our education we forgoet it. think about our quallity education.

kanvinde
14 Sep 2012

Our universities and their administrators and teachers spend more time in accumulating and forwarding not so important data and in frugal local politics of oneupmanship. They are left with hardly any time for academics.

ashokkumar
14 Sep 2012

There was a mail that read '' if one digs deeper, it turns out that India, and IITs, are not doing that badly as far as some engineering departments are concerned. Some interesting rankings are as below:

1.) Electrical Engineering: IITD (rank 30), IITB (rank 45)
2.) Computer Science: IITB, IITD, IITK all ranked in the range 51-100.
3.) Civil Engineering: IITB (rank 30)
4.) Chemical Engineering: IITB (rank 47)
5.) Mechanical Engineering: IISc, IITB, IITD all in the range 51-100."

Prof K Mustafa
14 Sep 2012

I agree with Mr Khan. Lets not be passimistic, and compare on yardsticks of the west in a different context. If we rate on fee, book prices, social justice etc we may rank among the top.

A.Ramakrishna
14 Sep 2012

it is well known fact that as long as universities are dependent on government funding and reservations in faculty recruitment but not on merit basis, we can expect further decline in our ranking.

Anupama K
14 Sep 2012

BTW, I wanted to add: what, if anything do great people like Kapil Sibal and Jairam Ramesh have to say about this? Evidently, the Indian government has just created some white elephants (IITs, IISc, IIMs...) the way people go on about these Premiere Indian Institutions, by now they ought to be in the top 10 or at least 20 - why 200?

ashokkumar
13 Sep 2012

Why single out education sector. In games, in no. of hospitals per 1000 of population, in having good roads, having regular electric supply, having water supply, having housing for the people and many many other sectors (barring corruption sector), we would not rank any better. You just can not improve, just one (education) sector of society, assuming it is de-linked with the rest of it. Therefore not bothering this ranking business too much, individually we should try to do better, whichever way we can to make this country a better place to live. Today this country is best to live only for the politicians who are if ranked will get the truth out. They take the best of the resources of the nation and live a nearly hassle free life to deliver minimum to the nation. A poor teacher, lecturer, professor whatever,at least delivers something for whatever little he gets (in comparison to our destiny makers). But individually we must be very proud that when the same person goes to the west often does better. Why, the person does not change, but the system is changed.

MAZUMDAR
13 Sep 2012

Reply to Mr Tapas Kumar Gangopadhyay
Dear Sir
In my student life I have observed that merit is not the suffcient condition to be a good teacher and researcher. The agency which prepared the list of universities for ranking purpose they had considered the importance of teaching and research efficiency equally. But unfortunately, research is not considered as the important part of university system in our country. That is why so called brilliant candidate once get job in university, they forget their obligation and responsibility later. I want to say decation is the big thing rather than so called merit. If Parent is highly educated and belongs to well of economic section, their kids undoubtdly get advantage to score high marks in academic system . Indian are crossing a transitional phase. One sections are third geneartion eduacted, other may be either second generation or first generation educated. So, our policy of eduaction should be consided on that angle. I have indicated that those are brilliant or even geting degree from USA or European universities thery are not transferring their knowledge after joining at Indian varsities at the level what they actually could do. It is because of self centrted mentalility. Teaching job is different from other job. It is a noble profession, but currently , a larger section of teachers
those are joining at Indian universities are not discharging their duties effciently. It is because of lack of dedication not because of lack of so called "merit" Besides, research at the university level should get equal importance on the line of teaching. That is, a teacher should acquire efficiency in teaching and research in both the field. We should learn from foreign advanced universities how they are giving importance on research along with teaching equally.

Professor Venkata Raghotham
13 Sep 2012

Indian Universities cannot be written off as yet, though the QS ratings do make depressing reading. First of all the radical disjuncture between undergraduate and post graduate education has to be eliminated. In all the good Universities of the world, Under Graduate programmes are run along with post graduate ones. We can improve the quality of education only by increasing the scope of the University. The artificial division between UG and PG levels in taking our educational system backwards. Secondly, we must increase the intake. If we want quality we must cast the net wide. A Vice Chancellor whom I admire a great deal used to say, we you fish in a small pond you will catch only tadpoles. If you fish in the open ocean you may end up with a shark, the potential Nobel prize winner. Universities must expand their numbers. Third, the mindless number game which is played out in the form of API score needs to be reassessed as the consequence of the publish mania is neither good teaching nor good research.

Nitai Gaur Dhall
13 Sep 2012

How does it matter whether Indian universities are there in the top 200 or not?
Which is that ministry or organisation can reply to the citizens of India why Indian universities are not there in the top 200? Are we not spending money. Don't we have human resources? It is a sorry state of affair which everyone of us knows yet we don't question.

Dr R K Singh
13 Sep 2012

DECLINE, Thy name is Indian university!

Sanjay Goel
13 Sep 2012

It is time to split the MHRD into two ministries and have full time ministers for both. One for School Education and another for Higher education. Both ministries must have committed ministers rather than a part time Kapil Sibal whose main job is now only to defend the government from the charges of scam.

P K Datta
13 Sep 2012

I find the following reasons for such degradation.
(a) Academicians have started preferring positions of power than professional excellence. Everybody wants to get power by hook and crook.
(b) People in positions of power prefer sycophants.
(c) Too much bureaucratic procedures.
(b) Degradation in the quality of research students.
(c) Lack of collective effort or intra-institute collaboration

Sanjay Goel
13 Sep 2012

Last year, when Jairam Ramesh raised the issue about quality of faculty in top Indian Institutes, there was a lot of emotional reaction from the faculty of those institutes.

Creating World class Universities is a very complex task. There are multiple dimensions in which the attention has to be paid by Indian universities, Indian society and government. Interested readers may like to read the following articles:

1. "Do Top Indian Institutes Have World Class Faculty?" at http://goelsan.wordpress.com/2011/05/27/do-top-indian-institutes-have-wo...
2. "Academic Rigour in Contemporary Indian Higher Education: Some Questions and Reflections" at http://goelsan.wordpress.com/2010/11/25/academic-rigour-in-indian-higher...
3. "Is Today’s PhD Education in India Aiming To Create Inspiring Intellectual Leaders of Tomorrow?" at http://goelsan.wordpress.com/2010/12/14/will-todays-phd-education-in-ind...

Anupama K
13 Sep 2012

A sad story to be seen in the contexts (political, policy etc as mentioned in the comments) but also vis-à-vis the "happy one" regarding the comparative pay-scales of Indian Professors compared to their counterparts in the BRIC nations pulished in these columns on 4th September 2012

Jitendra
13 Sep 2012

This is question for our policy makers and selection procedure of faculty. When will you selct good faculty you will get better prformance but no one is thinking in this.......................

Sasikumar
13 Sep 2012

regrettable one is this. because govt itself has no specific policy in higher education. appointment of faculty, availablity of metrials on reaserch and so. therefore it is indeed to concentrate to obtain all the basic facilties. if so may be in future possible.

MAZUMDAR
13 Sep 2012

India should learn from the top universities in the world how to perform better and should reform Indian higher education accordingly.

Tapas Kumar Gangopadhyay
13 Sep 2012

Academic decisions and policies and faculty recruitments should be apolitical
Faculty recruitments should be done strictly adhereing to the guidelines of MHRD

P.Ramasamy
13 Sep 2012

I am not surprised why Indian Universities and institutions could not find top places in the world rankings? and I am sure that this will not happen in the near future becuase the government supported so called autonomous institutions are not really autonomous but follow government policies such as reservations based on community and economically weaker sections not only in admissions but also in the selection of faculty, administrative staff, so many other things creep in and slowly mediocre rule the system. Moreover newer and newer Universities were and are created especially on the basis of subjects, veterinary, medicine, agriculture, engineering, tamil, education, sports, etc and the established older Universities were divided, divided, divided, resourses are also shared and thus reduced to nothing and whatever the talents retained are thinly spread or unable attract, retain the talents and therfore I do not see any possibility of these institutions could find any place in the list. Some of the Private institutions which are excelling in engineering and medicine in terms of infrastructure and other resources lack the attraction of the best faculty and talented students with poor research contributions and therefore they cannot be able to match the few of the IITS which are better managed to find some place in the top lists with all difficulties.Our system of higher education was, is and will be focussed to cater to the societal needs especially of socially backward and poor and further intertwined with so much politics. We need to thing and reorient our system of education if we have to find a place for our higher educational institutions in the world list. University of Madras were top rated in the 1930-60s is now reduced nothing merely because so many Universities were created out of it for political interest and sadly it is now concerned only with Liberal Arts and Sciences, but no medicine, vetinary and engineering branches that existed before were gone and the concept of a University is disappearing. In the recent past we do not have visionary educational leaders to guide the country and those who occupied the position had too much of freedom to ruin the system and never bothered to develop and match with the rest of the world.

Nizam U. Khan
13 Sep 2012

Our Universities are still involved in mass education of first or second generation learners. We train bread earners rather than highly motivated researchers. IIT's are using taxpayers money to provide manpower for developed nations. Quality is a cagualty in our Universities.

Rajiv Pandey
13 Sep 2012

Very unfortunate. This reflection about the institutions/organisation should be properly analysed in the context of management, resources and manpower including the policy of government in the existing political system. I think the University Professors should also be made the part of decision making process. The clear scientific findings about the issue must be researched with involvement of experts from all field and a pathway should be formulated. The individual should also be made accountable, if he/she is drawing salary from public fund. The role of students should also be broadened.

Raghbendra Jha
13 Sep 2012

This is truly sad but what else is there to expect? Many politicians and bureaucrats have deeply hurt Indian universities. On top of this you have reservations upon reservations, poor morale, bad research atmosphere and rampant victimisation of serious researchers. It is a pleasant surprise that so many researchers do well, despite all this. One wonders what would have happened had things been different.