MHRD to allocate 99,000 Cr for RUSA; private institutions to get funding
05 Jul 2013

Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Dr M M Pallam Raju has expressed that Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) will increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) from 18 per cent to 30 per cent by 2020.

Palam Raju during his presentation to the consultative committee said that the country will substantially increase the number of students in higher education in next seven years.

The minister informed that the scheme (RUSA) is estimated to cost INR 99,000 Crore and will include other existing schemes in the sector.

The highlight of the scheme will be that central funding from the Ministry and UGC (University Grants Commission) to institution will be through the State Council of Higher Education as against the direct funding by the Centre and UGC to educational institutions of higher education.

The funding by the Centre will be upto 90 per cent and it will be available to even private institutions based on certain norms.

The scheme emphasizes to promote reforms in the State Higher Education System by creating a facilitating institutional structure for planning and monitoring at the state level. It will help to promote autonomy in state universities and include governance in the institutions.

One of the goals of RUSA will be to ensure academic examination reforms in the higher education institutions and enable conversion of some of the universities into research universities at par with the best in the world, the minister said.

The project will be implemented through HRD Ministry as a centrally sponsored scheme with matching contribution from the State government and Union Territories. It is proposed to set eligibility criteria for states to achieve a high and sustained impact of the project through monitoring and evaluation.

The primary responsibility of the monitoring will lie with the institution themselves. The State Government and the Centre through The Project Appraisal Board (PAB) will monitor the project annually. The main component of the programme is to set up new universities and upgrade the existing autonomous colleges to universities.

The other attempt will be to convert colleges to cluster universities and set up new model colleges. The strategy will also include converting existing degree colleges to model colleges.

Other related points that came up for discussion were expanding the institutional base by creating additional capacity in existing institutions and establishing new institutions in order to achieve enrolment targets; correcting regional imbalances in access to higher education by facilitating access to high quality institutions in urban and semi-urban areas creating opportunities for students from rural areas to get better access to better quality institutions; and improving equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities of higher education to SC/STs and socially and educationally backward classes. 

By Abhay Anand


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n.john victor
17 Dec 2013

The govt of India planned to develop education institutions is appreciating.It is help develop education in rural and tribal area.
thank u
john victor

S.P. Singh
30 Sep 2013

Very huge regional disparities in higher education exist in India. SC/ST and other deprived sections of the society including a huge populace of the rural areas need special attention to obtain higher education. MHRD has come up with a bill (RUSA) which tries to address the above problems by allocating huge funds during 12th and 13th Plan periods for opening rural institutes and upgrading existing ones. Our only worry is the implementation of this scheme where substandard colleges (under qualified staff and infrastructure) may get major allocations. Well debated criteria for funding should be evolved and publicized so that colleges and universities should strive hard to achieve those. Strict adherence to recruiting quality teachers as recommended by UGC be made mandatory and impeccable monitoring system should come into effect to check it. Distribution of money is generally fraught with corrupt practices which need to be plugged. How that can be done is a question of that significance
as to be truthful the Yudhishtra way? At last the State Universities may get a better share in the central funding. By its own assessment, MHRD has admitted a huge role played by the state institutions in imparting higher education but getting meager funds compared to central institutions.

End User
09 Jul 2013

Funding thru State level means feeding corruption. Funding should be directly from Centre to the academic institution. On one side Govt. is promoting schemes such as AAdhaar card which facilitates monetary transfer from directly Centre Govt. to the end users, on the other side this huge sum of Rs. 99,000 crores will come from Centre Govt. to the end users (Colleges) thru State Higher education authorities. It will definitely feed the corrupt beurocrats and babus at state levels and the situation of poor fellows (Masters and Phd Students) will remain as such (frustrated). Instead the Govt. should make provisions for direct fund transfer to concerned Colleges.

Keshav Nandurkar
09 Jul 2013

It is a good move. Finally Government has realized the importance of private institutions in the HE sector

Joga Singh
09 Jul 2013

Take my word Sir, (because it is based on the thousands of professional studies world over), India will certainly keep moving at an astonishingly fast pace towards the bottom in academic excellence as long as English remains the medium of instruction of our education, particularly at the school level. Leave other things aside, if the professional opinion is believed, the English medium is a bane for learning English as well. The following quote should suffice as evidence: "What seems to be standing in our way is a set of myths about language and learning, and these myths must be revealed as such to open people’s eyes. One such myth is that the best way to learn a second (read foreign - JS) language is to use it as a medium of instruction. (In fact, it is often more effective to learn additional languages as subjects of study.) Another is that to learn a second language you must start as early as possible. (Starting early might help learners to have a nice accent, but otherwise the advantage goes to learners who have a well developed first language.) A third is that the home language gets in the way of learning a second language. (Building a strong foundation in the first language results in a better learning of additional languages.) Clearly, these myths are more false than true, yet they guide the way policymakers tend to think about how speakers of other languages must learn dominant or official languages." @ (UNESCO, 2008, The Improvement in the Quality of Mother Tongue - Based Literacy and Learning', Bankok: Unesco, pp.12. The dominant language in the Indian context is English, and Hindi to a certain extent). This study was carried out in 12 countries from all of the continents. It included India too. The study was financed by the World Bank). If someone is interested in knowing the international opinion on language issues, please mail me @ I will send a 20 page document which summarizes the research on the issues. Joga Singh, Professor in Linguistics, Punjabi University, Patiala.

Prof j a k Tareen
08 Jul 2013

I congratulate the MHRD for deciding to fund the state and even private universities. But his decision to route the grant through state council in a blunder. It is creation of one more bottleneck after UGC...

08 Jul 2013

Please do not condemn private institutions. They have really done marvels and productive work. Many medical devices developed from these institutions are really benefitting the mankind. High profile personalities also emerged from these institutions. The government thinking in this direction is welcome and need to be promoted. The proper finance system need to be established so that money will be spend in proper and prodcutive manner.
Govet. institutions are just like salary sake working mode. Innovating thinking lack in many places. everyone is worried of their services and pensions etc.

Prof T.K.Raja
08 Jul 2013

The MHRD has allocated a whopping Rs 99,000 to RUSA in order to raise the Gross Enrollment Ratio from current 18 per cent to 30 per cent by 2020.The objective is laudable, but we have to wait and see its implementation beyond controversy. There is not even an iota of doubt that inclusion of private institutions in this venture is bound to lead to large scale corruption and the benefits of the scheme will not reach the common man. When private institutions in general have fully commercialized the education sector in the country, it is absolutely criminal to expect that private satraps of education institutions will take the benefits of this scheme to the poor people. History is a great teacher to all of us that private satraps have ruined the education system by feudalistic practices. It is well known that self financing colleges and private deemed universities are looting the people. Some are getting big money (several crores) from govt. funding agencies for various schemes, cheating the Govt and the people. The fundamental question is: Is there any compunction on the part of Govt. to seek the charity of the private education institutions to raise the Gross Enrollment Ratio ? India is a country where one-third of the world's poor live. Numerically this is equal to 400 million of Indian population. Does the Govt. think that the benefactors of the private education institution will help the Govt. in reaching the benefits of the trumpeted scheme to the poor? Time alone will answer this question !