Panjab University has once again overtaken the top ranked Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and other central universities to become the highest-ranked educational institution of the country in first ever ranking by Times Higher Education (THE) of BRICS and other emerging economies Rankings 2014.
Though there are 10 institutions from India among the top 100 universities from BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as well as 17 other emerging economies, but there is none among top 10.
The 131-year-old Panjab University has been ranked 13th sharing position with Renmin University of China.
In the inaugural Times Higher Education BRICS & Emerging Economies Rankings 2014 with universities from only 22 nations ranked, India has fared much better. Indian institutions make up 10 per cent of the list, including nine in the top 50 places.
Panjab University, has been once again given preference over IITs and other universities with 13th rank, followed by the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) at Kharagpur at 30th, IIT Kanpur has been ranked 34th, IIT Delhi is at 37th position, IIT Roorkee at 37th, Guwahati (46th) and Madras (47th). Jadavpur University, Aligarh Muslim University and Jawaharlal Nehru University have been ranked 47th, 50th and 57th, respectively.
China dominates the table with four universities among top 10 and has a total of 23 universities in top 100. Peking University tops the table, with Tsinghua University second. China is followed by Taiwan which has 21 universities among top 100, India (10), Turkey (seven), then South Africa and Thailand (five each). Russia has only two representatives in the table, less than Poland (four) and the Czech Republic (three).
Among BRICS nations India is at the second position behind China as even Brazil has just four universities among top 100.
THE quoting Simon Marginson, professor of international higher education at the Institute of Education, University of London says, âthe Chinese sector was âpretty strongâ and growing stronger. There were very few countries with a per capita gross domestic product below $15,000 (ÂŁ9,200) that did well in global rankings, but China was an âinteresting exceptionâ. In comparison, âIndia hasnât had 15 years of constant fundingâ, nor had it benchmarked itself against other countries.â
It is also to be noted that no universities from Indonesia, Pakistan, Peru or the Philippines have made it to the table.
THE ranks universities based on factors such as scholarly citations, research income and the proportion of foreign students.