news
CNR Rao apologises for plagiarism in science journal
21 Feb 2012

One of country’s top scientist and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's adviser CNR Rao has apologized to a leading scientific journal for reproducing text of other scientists in his research paper.

"The corresponding authors sincerely apologise to the readers, reviewers, and editors for this oversight and for any miscommunication," Rao and his co-author SB Krupanidhi said in an apology to 'Advanced Materials', a peer-reviewed journal covering materials science. 

The journal‚Äôs July issue carried a research paper titled 'Infrared Photodetectors Based on Reduced Graphene Oxide and Graphene Nanoribbons' authored by Rao, Krupanidhi, Basant Chitara and L S Panchakarla. The scientists belong to Indian Institute of Science and the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research. 

The authors admitted that some part of the research paper was reproduced from an article that had appeared in Applied Physics Letters written by S Ghosh, B K Sarker, A Chunder, Lei Zhai and S I Khondaker. 

"The corresponding authors regret the reproduction of text from an article that appeared in Applied Physics Letters in their paper," Rao and Krupanidhi said. 

The apology was published in the online edition on November 29, 2011. Rao was unavailable for comment as he was out of the country.

[Source: Times of India]

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Professor Venkata Raghotham
17 Nov 2013

Today along with Shri Sachin Tendulakar Mr C N R Rao too is a "Bharat Ratna" on the strength of 1,600 papers published by him over the past 30 years making an average of nearly 40 per year and 4 a month. He should.of course, hold himself as an example for the growth of "scintific temper" in India.

Dr. A. K. Dubey
21 Mar 2012

I have no idea about the basis of the charge 'plagiarism' but as i have seen the comments, perhaps reproduction has been done in literature survey part? if so, no problem at all. it is a usual practice and requirement for the background of the research work carried out. Many a times, the same work is quoted by different authors in their research works and often mistaken by quoting the latter, s name in place of the originator. In my opinion, researchers well understand such things and Prof. Rao should not be blamed for it.

DR SACHIN LADDHA
29 Feb 2012

This is the sole mistake of corresponding author and part to the co-author. This is greatness of CNR Rao, that he admit and published the same in the journal.

Dr. A.K. Chaubey
25 Feb 2012

Prof. Rao is a pioneer worker of the country. It is unbelievable. I have not gone through the published paper. It is therefore difficult to make any comment. However, in introduction or else where in paper, always the work of the scientist is quoated with the name of the original worker and the year. The scientific community should think over before making any comment. if the name of the original worker is deliberately not quoted then it is shameful for such a great scientist and for the scientific community of India.

Dr D. Kumar
25 Feb 2012

Knowing the real spirit of Prof CNR Rao, we never consider that he is the part of this plagiarism. We feel very sad for the happening. Some researchers who are working under him unknowingly have done this kind during writing their work for submitting into journal. Now the err committed by the scholar that has been brought into public and naturally it gives pain to all the authors. This is the time to wake up that our researchers should be very careful when writing an article for submission to the journals. But for this wake up, we have paid a very heavy price i.e. the appearance of great name like Prof CNR Rao for this case.

Dr. M. Gokuldas
23 Feb 2012

Honestly, I dont believe Dr Rao will get himself involved in an act like this. And I dont think it might be something like a case of plagiarism. I t might me that, especially in the review part we would touch upon some of the recent break-throughs in the subject. May be some words of the early report creeps in. Based on this, it is not good to mud-sling scientists, especially at those who do not need a few papers more for any positional or financial benefit.

Laxmi T Rao
23 Feb 2012

I completely agree with Dr Chavan. Absolutely baseless. Media should first study the meaning of Plagiarism before making it hype.

Himansu Nanda
23 Feb 2012

I do not know why people do not admit the mistake and keeps always try to keep top notch position to a person who is once renowned in some ground in his life.This is a biggest problem persisting in india till date what i ma concluding from may opinions.As if its a case that india comprises of only one scientist .A mistake is always a mistake whoever does whether he is word renowned or a sweeper.At least this was not expected from a person like Prof CNR Rao.We do not care how far his name in the world and whether the scientific contents are valid and only the text are copied by mistake.These are all explanation.The fact is it should not be done.Thats all and concludes everything. Infact his name is floating in world top notch materials center NIMS as one of 5 advisory board.It is necessarily a shame to India and all indian scientists.We should admit this and whole scientific community is affected by this.This will be now a general impression of foreign scientists that in india the papers are published like a copy paste manner.What i am looking around here is the message is spreading like something.So in overall this is blame of country before other scientific body.We should believe it.

Dr Asish K Kundu
23 Feb 2012

I DO AGREE WITH DR. CHAVAN...............AS I HAD WRITTEN YESTERDAY:
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This report is baseless. In scientific papers it is routine to refer to past work in introductory sections and often repeat their own sentences for emphasis. It is nothing to do with plagiarism. It is a compliment to the original author. Why is the media attempting to smear a credible Scientist and institution? Stop this nonsense at once. If you don't know what is plagiarism please don't enter into that topic
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MOREOVER, IF YOU ARE DESPERATE TO COMMENT ON THE NEWS REPORT THEN PLEASE READ THE REASEACH ARTICLE PUBLISED BY PROF RAO ET AL (Adv. Mater. 2011, 23, 5419‚Äď5424) AND POST YOUR VALUEABLE COMMENTS!!!!

Dr.Udaya Kiran Chavan
22 Feb 2012

Before a person(teacher particularly) comments on any thing, he should know and think about the issue. Do you believe Prof.CNR directly copies material from some body's paper. If you think like that, it is shame on your part as a teacher as you dont have thinking capability. Do you feel he is falling short of technical papers or he gets any more advantage, if he publishes a copied material???? He is pioneer of Nano Technology in India.
People who have commented negatively have to flip through the paper and comment. Dont just comment based on the news published in news papers. We are teachers and researchers and we need to be very careful before we make any statement, which ruins the stature of any person or country.

Prof V P N Nampoori
22 Feb 2012

The case is not at all a plagiarism since the material is in the introduction part dealing with literature survey. Authors could have used the information in there own words or a reference could have given Any way the quality of the paper is not affected by this.
When a paper is communicated it is better to check the overlap with existing literature using the available software. Prof C N R Rao need not apologize for
this since it is not at all plagiarism. The journal says to restructure the section and the paper is accepted for publication according to media reports.

Dr.P.Biswas
22 Feb 2012

IT IS A SHAME FOR OUR COUNTRY !!!!!
No apology is sufficient to neutralize the crime.
All leading Newspapers in all languages should make a news-item
and should invite public opinion.

Dr.P.Biswas
Senior Academician in Higher Mathematics
Old police Line, Jalpaiguri-735101
West Bengal

K. Manjunatha Prasad
22 Feb 2012

Surprised to observe this kind of plagiarsm in an article in which Prof. CNR Rao involved. But we should not blame him for this as he might have involved only in some key discussion leading to the produce of this article. I am sure that he is not the communicating author and he should not be made responsible and avoid sling the mud on him. But the pity is the scientists community, in general, is not respecting the propritry of others creation/research and fail to acknowledge the original author/s while quoting the text from the other article. There are several incedences where entire thesis or the article itself is repoduced and individuals gained the benefits. This is happening because at several places and for the individuals at those places the research is not a passion but is compulsion for getting their benefits like promotion or increment

manoj kamra
22 Feb 2012

When our advisor preferring copy paste method, policy formation can be easily guessed.
Recenly, higher education and research bill 2011 is MAJOR BLUNDER by making national commission for higher education research to be merely advisory body (having no regulatory powers).------------------- So I fear 30 collegium of scholars (nominated by politicians) in this bill be mostly such copy-pasters.

D.KIRAN KRANTH CHOUDARY
22 Feb 2012

It is nice to extend apologies. thus one has to accept boldly when there is wrong. good welcome it.

Dr.R.Palanichamy
22 Feb 2012

I worked in Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi, Tamil Nadu from 25.06.2001 to 3.11.11(Ten Years). I surrendered all my degree certificates to the college when I joined there but the authority did not give any acknowledgment. Now I resigned there as per the rules and regulation of the college after completing Ph.D. under part-time mode. They are demanding RS.130000 ( for giving advertisement to recruit new faculty) from me to get back my all original degree certificates. What can I do to get back my certificates please and gratuity ( eligible as per my appointment order)

Manoj Kumar Tiwari
22 Feb 2012

Now a days a lot of news listing plagiarism is being reported and numerous professors and scientists jump on to say it is write or wrong. No one bothers what is actually being referred and which one is adopted. Core part of a research paper is authors own contributions, explanation of results, comparison with others, mathematical and statistical validation and how it can see as different than several related contributions.
Due to similarity of area of research and large number of common words to describe the experiments, heuristics, methodology adopted, it is quite common that introduction, literature reviews, experimental descriptions may have several similar type of sentences to explain the point under discussion. Thus if proper referencing has been carried out and efforts have been taken by authors to place something new then one should not make any noise about similarity of few sentences in a 15-20 page papers.
Unfortunately our brothers in press and also in the the profession but have less publications, find such reporting as if it is crime of looting a bank or it is similar to 2G scam. Certainly our attitude to see English and good sentences, and its matching with other work hits more than new things researchers have done in their paper. Thus it is not a point where popular names of Science and technology pillars may be bracketed with petty criminals. Better it is to be ignored and have no worth for further discussions.

Manoj Kumar Tiwari
22 Feb 2012

Now a days a lot of news listing plagiarism is being reported and numerous professors and scientists jump on to say it is write or wrong. No one bothers what is actually being referred and which one is adopted. Core part of a research paper is authors own contributions, explanation of results, comparison with others, mathematical and statistical validation and how it can see as different than several related contributions.
Due to similarity of area of research and large number of common words to describe the experiments, heuristics, methodology adopted, it is quite common that introduction, literature reviews, experimental descriptions may have several similar type of sentences to explain the point under discussion. Thus if proper referencing has been carried out and efforts have been taken by authors to place something new then one should not make any noise about similarity of few sentences in a 15-20 page papers.
Unfortunately our brothers in press and also in the the profession but have less publications, find such reporting as if it is crime of looting a bank or it is similar to 2G scam. Certainly our attitude to see English and good sentences, and its matching with other work hits more than new things researchers have done in their paper. Thus it is not a point where popular names of Science and technology pillars may be bracketed with petty criminals. Better it is to be ignored and have no worth for further discussions.

Dr. S M KULKARNI
22 Feb 2012

Breach of faith. A note of Caution. This is likely a breach of faith on the part of co-authors. Research workers are carrying out work with their inputs and consulting or taking guidance from senior scientists, like Dr. CNR Rao. In good faith such senior scientists accept the findings and allow them to publish. For senior scientists like, Dr. CNR Rao, it may not be possible to go through every aspects of the work carried out by their associates in research. Hence, the mentality of taking undo advantage of the name and fame for gainful motives should be condemned. This is a note of caution for all others to be careful in the field of research.
- Dr. S. M. Kulkarni

Dr Asish K Kundu
22 Feb 2012

I have read the paper published by Rao et al, they have referred the S Ghosh et al paper (ref. # 22) ....the text of Prof. Rao's as follows (in page 1, para 2)....

The copied part: "Thin films prepared from solution-processed GO offer ease of material processing, low cost of fabrication, mechanical flexibility, and compatibility with various substrates, making them attractive candidates for large-area devices. GO-based thin films have already been used as transparent and fl exible materials for electronic devices. [ 17‚Äď22 ]"

SO, NEWS REPORTER PLEASE READ BEFORE PUBLISHING!!!!!!

Dr Asish K Kundu
22 Feb 2012

Dear All,

Please donot believe on the newspaper report all the time......here is one such example....now the question is………. whom to trust? Its the problem with the news reporter, some of them write/publish something without adequate knowledge..............
_______________________
SOURCE: http://www.dnaindia.com/bangalore/report_plagiarism-cloud-over-cnr-rao_1...

This report is baseless. In scientific papers it is routine to refer to past work in introductory sections and often repeat their own sentences for emphasis. It is nothing to do with plagiarism. It is a compliment to the original author. Why is the media attempting to smear a credible Scientist and institution? Stop this nonsense at once. If you don't know what is plagiarism please don't enter into that topic

E. Arunan
22 Feb 2012

If there is no more than what is given in this story, this is not a serious issue of plagiarism and Profs. Rao and Krupanidhi have done well by accepting responsibility and apologizing. It is certainly not correct to borrow sentences from another paper and include it in the Introduction. However, blowing this news out of proportion to common public will lead to skepticism in their minds which is uncalled for in this issue. One may find statements like 'Tendulkar is the best batsman in the world' written by many authors. Plagiarism is a serious issue and it may be worth our time addressing that and ensuring that Indian scientists are not tempted to do it. What is reported in this news is inconsequential borrowing of material, which still should not be encouraged and not any serious scientific misconduct.

shankar
22 Feb 2012

The apology should be appreciated. If text is used as reference for continuation of subject or for describing the present status then no need for apology.

Shankar