From now on, live animals will not be used for dissection
and other experiments in educational and research institutions. The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) has banned the use of live animals
but scientists conducting new molecular research will be exempted from the ban.
Based on the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act (1960),
the MoEF has issued guidelines to the University Grants Commission, ministry of
health and family welfare, Pharmacy Council of India and the Medical Council of
India to discontinue dissection and experiments with live animals in
universities, colleges, research institutes, hospitals, laboratories and
instead use alternatives like computer simulation.
The MoEF says that the central government is duty-bound to
use alternatives to avoid unnecessary suffering or pain to animals.
The guidelines state that numerous alternatives in the form
of CDs, computer simulations and mannequin models are available; they are not
only effective as absolute replacements for animals in teaching anatomy or
physiology but are also superior learning tools in teaching of pharmacy or life
"The animal experiments should be stopped in all
institutes except for the purpose of new molecular research. Sometimes, in
laboratories, a lot of work is repeated and animals become unnecessary victims.
Only scientists researching on a new molecular theory can experiment on
animals. In medical and pharmacy colleges, there is unwanted cruelty towards
animals which can be avoided. These guidelines mention imprisonment for five
years and monetary penalty," said Mangal Jain, a nominee of the
Institutional Animal Ethics Committee (IAEC), which is appointed by CPCSEA.
[Source: Times of India]